Archaeologists have unearthed a carved deer hoof more than 51,000 years old at the entrance to the Unicorn Cave (located at the foot of the Harz Mountains in Germany), according to the Daily Mail, citing an article published in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution. . Experts believe that this find, about 6 centimeters long and 4 centimeters wide, is the oldest jewel in the world. It was created by the Neanderthals. Scientists came to this conclusion after a detailed study of the hoof.
They found that it was skillfully engraved with slits equidistant from each other at right angles. In addition, before applying the pattern, it was originally boiled to soften. Then, with the help of razor-sharp stone slabs, the thread was made.
“This is an outstanding example of their cognitive abilities. Bone carving is unique to Neanderthals,” said study leader Dr. Dirk Leder. “What makes this subject even more interesting are the too deep incisions. It takes about 90 minutes to carve them. ” complex behaviors, including conveying their experiences through creativity, ”added Leder.
Although experts have not yet figured out what ancient humans could use a carved hoof for, this finding proves that Neanderthal behavior was similar to that of Homo sapiens.